I-United States kunye ne-European Union, iqwalasela ukuvala iRashiya ekusebenziseni i-cryptocurrency, ngaba banokuphumelela?

Ngobuchwephesha kunye nethiyori, kuyenzeka ukwandisa izohlwayo kwintsimi ye-cryptocurrency, kodwa ngokwenyani, "ukwabela amagunya" kunye nokungenamda kwe-cryptocurrency kuya kwenza ukongamela kube nzima.

Emva kokungabandakanyi ezinye iibhanki zaseRussia kwinkqubo ekhawulezayo, imithombo yeendaba yangaphandle icaphule imithombo isithi iWashington ithathela ingqalelo indawo entsha enokuthi iqhubele phambili isohlwayo saseRussia: i-cryptocurrency.I-Ukraine yenze izibheno ezicacileyo ezifanelekileyo kwimidiya yoluntu.

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Ngapha koko, urhulumente waseRashiya akakayibhalisi ngokusemthethweni i-cryptocurrency.Nangona kunjalo, emva kothotho lwezohlwayo zemali eYurophu nase-United States, nto leyo eyakhokelela ekuhlahleni kabukhali kwe-ruble, umthamo wokurhweba we-cryptocurrency owenziwe kwi-ruble unyuke kutshanje.Kwangaxeshanye, Ukraine, kwelinye icala lengxaki Ukrainian, ngokuphindaphindiweyo wasebenzisa cryptocurrency kule ngxaki.

Ngokombono wabahlalutyi, ngokobuchwephesha kunokwenzeka ukwandisa izigwebo kwintsimi ye-cryptocurrency, kodwa ukuthintela ukuthengiswa kwe-cryptocurrency kuya kuba ngumngeni kwaye kuya kuzisa umgaqo-nkqubo wezohlwayo kwiindawo ezingaziwayo, kuba eneneni, ubukho bemali yedijithali yabucala ayinamida. kwaye ubukhulu becala ingaphandle kwenkqubo yezemali elawulwa ngurhulumente.

Nangona iRashiya inomthamo omkhulu kwintengiselwano ye-cryptocurrency yehlabathi, ngaphambi kwentlekele, urhulumente waseRashiya akazange avumeleke ngokusemthethweni imali ye-crypto kwaye ugcine isimo sengqondo esingqongqo malunga ne-cryptocurrency.Kungekudala ngaphambi kokunyuka kwemeko e-Ukraine, iSebe lezeMali laseRashiya lalisandula ukungenisa i-cryptocurrency regulation bill.Idrafti igcina ukuvalwa kwexesha elide eRashiya ekusebenziseni cryptocurrency ukuhlawula iimpahla kunye neenkonzo, ivumela abahlali ukuba batyale imali cryptocurrency ngokusebenzisa amaziko mvume, kodwa imida isixa engange imali engatyalwa cryptocurrency.Idrafti ikwanciphisa imigodi ye-cryptocurrencies.

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Nangona kunjalo, ngelixa ukuvalwa kwe-cryptocurrency, iRashiya ihlola ukuqaliswa kwemali yedijithali yebhanki esemthethweni, i-cryptoruble.U-Sergei glazyev, umcebisi wezoqoqosho kuMongameli waseRashiya uVladimir Putin, wathi xa evakalisa isicwangciso okokuqala ngqa ukuba ukuqaliswa kwee-ruble ezifihliweyo kuya kunceda ukuphepha izigwebo zaseNtshona.

Emva kokuba iYurophu kunye neUnited States zinikeze uluhlu lwezohlwayo zemali ngokuchasene neRashiya, njengokungabandakanyi iibhanki ezinkulu zaseRashiya kwinkqubo ekhawulezayo kunye nokukhenkceza oovimba botshintshiselwano lwangaphandle lweBhanki Enkulu yaseRussia eYurophu naseUnited States, iruble yehla ngama-30% ngokuchasene neRussia. Idola laseMelika ngoMvulo, kwaye idoli yase-US yabetha irekhodi eliphezulu le-119.25 ngokubhekiselele kwi-ruble.Emva koko, iBhanki ePhakathi yaseRashiya inyuse izinga lenzala ukuya kwi-20% I-ruble ibuyele kancinane ngoLwesibini emva kokuba iibhanki ezinkulu zorhwebo zaseRashiya ziphakamise izinga lenzala yediphozithi ye-ruble, kwaye idoli yase-US ngoku ixelwe kwi-109.26 malunga ne-ruble namhlanje ekuseni. .

I-Fxempire yayixele kwangaphambili ukuba abemi baseRussia baya kuguqukela ngokusemthethweni kwitekhnoloji yokubhala kwingxaki yaseUkraine.Kumxholo wokuthotywa kwe-ruble, umthamo wokuthengiselana we-cryptocurrency onxulumene ne-ruble wenyuka.

Ngokutsho kwedatha ye-binance, utshintshiselwano olukhulu lwehlabathi lwe-cryptocurrency, umthamo wokurhweba we-bitcoin ukuya kwi-ruble wanda ukusuka ngoFebruwari 20 ukuya ku-28. Malunga ne-1792 bitcoins babandakanyeka kwi-ruble / urhwebo lwe-bitcoin, xa kuthelekiswa ne-522 bitcoins kwiintsuku ezisithoba ezidlulileyo.Ngokutsho kwedatha ye-Kaiko, umnikezeli we-Encryption Research waseParis, ngo-Matshi 1, kunye nokunyuka kwentlekele e-Ukraine kunye nokulandelwa kwesohlwayo saseYurophu kunye neMelika, umthamo wokuthengiselana we-bitcoin owenziwe kwi-ruble unyuke waya kwisithoba. Inyanga ephezulu ye-ruble ye-1.5 yebhiliyoni kwiiyure ezidlulileyo ze-24.Kwangaxeshanye, umthamo we-bitcoin transactions owenziwe kwi-Ukrainian hryvna nawo unyukile.

Ukongezwa ngokunyuka kwemfuno, ixabiso le-bitcoin lamva nje kwimarike yase-US yayiyi-$ 43895, malunga ne-15% ukususela ngoMvulo ekuseni, ngokutsho kwe-coindesk.Ukuphindaphindwa kwale veki kuphelisa ukwehla ukusukela ngoFebruwari.Amaxabiso obuninzi bezinye ii-cryptocurrencies nawo enyuka.I-Ether iphakame i-8.1% kule veki, i-XRP yenyuka i-4.9%, i-avalanche yaphakama i-9.7% kunye ne-Cardano yenyuka nge-7%.

Njengelinye icala lengxaki yaseRussia yaseUkraine, iUkraine yamkele ngokupheleleyo i-cryptocurrency kule ngxaki.

Kunyaka ngaphambi kokuba intlekele inyuke, imali ye-fiat yase-Ukraine, i-hryvna, yehla ngaphezu kwe-4% kwi-dollar yase-US, ngelixa uMphathiswa wezeMali wase-Ukraine uSergei samarchenko wathi ukuze kugcinwe uzinzo lwezinga lotshintshiselwano, iBhanki Enkulu yase-Ukraine isebenzise i-US. I-1.5 yeebhiliyoni zeedola kwiindawo zotshintshiselwano lwangaphandle, kodwa yayingenakukwazi ukugcina ukuba i-hryvna ayiyi kuqhubeka nokuhla.Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, ngoFebruwari 17, iUkraine yabhengeza ngokusemthethweni ukusemthethweni kwee-cryptocurrencies ezifana ne-bitcoin.UMykhailo federov, uSekela-Nkulumbuso kunye noMphathiswa wenguqu yedijithali yaseUkraine, wathi kwi-twitter ukuba le ntshukumo iya kunciphisa umngcipheko worhwaphilizo kwaye ithintele ubuqhetseba kwi-cryptocurrency exchanges.

Ngokutsho kweNgxelo yoPhando ka-2021 yi-market consulting firm chainalysis, i-Ukraine ikwindawo yesine kwinani kunye nexabiso le-cryptocurrency transactions emhlabeni, isibini kuphela kwiVietnam, i-Indiya kunye nePakistan.

Emva koko, emva kokunyuka kwengxaki e-Ukraine, i-cryptocurrency iye yanda kakhulu.Ngenxa yokuphunyezwa kwenani lamanyathelo ngabasemagunyeni Ukrainian, kuquka ukuthintela ukurhoxiswa imali exchange angaphandle kunye nokunciphisa isixa mali ukutsalwa (100000 hryvnas ngosuku), umthamo worhwebo lwe-Ukraine cryptocurrency exchange inyuke ngokukhawuleza kufutshane. kwixesha elizayo.

Umthamo worhwebo waseKuna, utshintshiselwano olukhulu lwe-cryptocurrency yaseUkraine, lonyuke nge-200% ukuya kwi-4.8 yezigidi zeedola ngoFebruwari 25, ubungakanani borhwebo bosuku olunye botshintshiselwano ukusukela ngoMeyi 2021. Kwiintsuku ezingama-30 zangaphambili, umthamo worhwebo wemihla ngemihla weKuna wawuphakathi kwe-1,5 yeedola. izigidi kunye nezigidi ezi-2 zeerandi."Uninzi lwabantu abanalo ukhetho ngaphandle kwe-cryptocurrency," umseki weKuna uChobanian uthe kumajelo asekuhlaleni

Kwangaxeshanye, ngenxa yokunyuka kwemfuno ye-cryptocurrency e-Ukraine, abantu kufuneka bahlawule intlawulo ephezulu yokuthenga i-bitcoin.Kwi-cryptocurrency exchange Kuna, ixabiso le-bitcoin elithengiswa ngegrifner limalunga ne-46955 yeedola kunye ne-47300 yeedola kwingqekembe.Le ntsasa, ixabiso lemarike ye-bitcoin yayimalunga ne-$ 38947,6.

Akunjalo kuphela ama-Ukrainian aqhelekileyo, inkampani yohlalutyo lwe-blockchain i-elliptic yathi urhulumente wase-Ukraine wayebize abantu ngaphambili ukuba banikele nge-bitcoin kunye nezinye ii-cryptocurrencies ukuba zixhase kumajelo asekuhlaleni, kwaye wakhulula idilesi ye-wallet yedijithali ye-bitcoin, i-Ethereum kunye nezinye iimpawu.Ukususela ngeCawa, idilesi yesipaji yayifumene i-10.2 yezigidi zeedola kwiminikelo ye-cryptocurrency, apho malunga ne-1.86 yezigidi zeedola ezivela ekuthengisweni kwe-NFT.

Kubonakala ngathi iYurophu neUnited States zikuphawulile oku.Amajelo eendaba angaphandle acaphule igosa likarhulumente wase-US lisithi ulawulo lwe-Biden lukwinqanaba lokuqala lokwandisa izohlwayo ngokuchasene neRussia kwindawo ye-cryptocurrency.Igosa lathi isohlwayo kwintsimi ye-cryptocurrency yaseRashiya kufuneka iqulunqwe ngendlela engonakalisi imarike ye-cryptocurrency ebanzi, enokwenza kube nzima ngakumbi ukuphumeza izohlwayo.

NgeCawa, u-mikheilo fedrov uthe kwi-twitter ukuba wacela "zonke ii-crypto-exchanges ezinkulu zokuvala iidilesi zabasebenzisi baseRashiya".Akazange abize kuphela ukukhenkcezwa kweedilesi ezifihliweyo ezinxulumene nezopolitiko zaseRashiya naseBelarusian, kodwa kunye needilesi zabasebenzisi abaqhelekileyo.

Nangona cryptocurrency ayizange ibe semthethweni, uMarlon Pinto, intloko yophando eLondon esekelwe ingozi Consulting ngokuqinileyo ngenye imini, wathi cryptocurrency akhawunti umlinganiselo ophezulu inkqubo yemali Russian ngaphezu kwamanye amazwe ngenxa yokungathembi inkqubo yebhanki Russian.Ngokweenkcukacha zeYunivesithi yaseCambridge ngo-Agasti ka-2021, iRashiya lilizwe lesithathu ngobukhulu lemigodi ye-bitcoin ehlabathini, kunye ne-12% ye-cryptocurrency kwimarike ye-cryptocurrency yehlabathi.Ingxelo yorhulumente waseRashiya iqikelela ukuba iRashiya isebenzisa i-cryptocurrency kwiitransekshini ezixabisa i-5 yeebhiliyoni zeedola zaseMelika minyaka le.abemi Russian babe ngaphezu 12 million izipaji cryptocurrency ukugcina asethi cryptocurrency, nenkunzi iyonke malunga 2 yetriliyoni engange, ilingana US $23,9 billion.

Ngokombono wabahlalutyi, ukhuthazo olunokubakho lwezohlwayo ezijolise kwi-cryptocurrency kukuba i-cryptocurrency ingasetyenziselwa ukuthintela ezinye izohlwayo kwiibhanki zemveli kunye neenkqubo zentlawulo.

Ukuthatha i-Iran njengomzekelo, i-elliptic yathi i-Iran kudala ijongene nezohlwayo eziqatha ezivela e-United States ukunciphisa ukufikelela kwayo kwiimarike zemali zehlabathi.Nangona kunjalo, i-Iran yasebenzisa ngempumelelo imigodi ye-cryptocurrency ukuphepha izohlwayo.NjengeRussia, i-Iran ikwangumvelisi omkhulu we-oyile, eyenza ukuba itshintshe i-cryptocurrency ngepetroli yemigodi ye-bitcoin kwaye isebenzise i-cryptocurrency etshintshiweyo ukuthenga iimpahla ezivela kumazwe angaphandle.Oku kwenza i-Iran iphephe ifuthe lezohlwayo kumaziko emali ase-Iranian.

Ingxelo yangaphambili ngamagosa kaNondyebo wase-US yalumkisa ukuba i-cryptocurrency ivumela iithagethi zezohlwayo ukuba zibambe kwaye zidlulisele imali ngaphandle kwenkqubo yezemali yemveli, enokuthi "ibonakalise amandla e-Sanctions yase-US".

Ngeli themba lezohlwayo, abangaphakathi kwishishini bakholelwa ukuba kunokwenzeka kwithiyori nakwitekhnoloji.

"Ngobuchule, utshintshiselwano luphucule iziseko zabo kule minyaka imbalwa idlulileyo, ngoko ke baya kuba nako ukunyanzelisa ezi zohlwayo ukuba kuyimfuneko," utshilo uJack McDonald, i-CEO ye-polysign, inkampani ebonelela ngesoftware yokugcina utshintshiselwano lwe-cryptocurrency.

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UMichael Rinko, iqabane le-capital capital ye-Ascendex, kwakhona wathi ukuba urhulumente waseRashiya usebenzisa i-bitcoin ukulawula i-services yebhanki ephakathi, ukuphononongwa kukarhulumente waseRashiya kuya kuba lula.Ngenxa yokupapashwa kwe-bitcoin, nabani na unokubona yonke imali engenayo kunye nokuphuma kwii-akhawunti zebhanki eziphethwe yibhanki ephakathi."Ngelo xesha, iYurophu kunye neUnited States ziya kwenza uxinzelelo kutshintshiselwano olukhulu olufana ne-coinbase, i-FTX kunye nokhuseleko lwemali kwiidilesi ezimnyama ezinxulumene neRashiya, ukuze kungabikho ezinye iintengiso ezinkulu ezizimisele ukusebenzisana kunye neeakhawunti ezifanelekileyo ezivela eRashiya, ezinokubakho zinefuthe lokukhenkceza i-bitcoin okanye ezinye ii-cryptocurrencies ezinxulumene neeakhawunti zaseRashiya.

Nangona kunjalo, i-elliptic yabonisa ukuba kuya kuba nzima ukunyanzelisa izigwebo kwi-cryptocurrency, kuba nangona ngenxa yentsebenziswano phakathi kotshintshiselwano lwe-cryptocurrency enkulu kunye nabalawuli, abalawuli banokufuna utshintshiselwano olukhulu lwe-cryptocurrency ukunika ulwazi malunga nabathengi kunye neentengiselwano ezikrokrelwayo, oyena ntanga uthandwa kakhulu. -intengiselwano zoontanga kwimarike ye-cryptocurrency zinikezelwa Akukho mida, ngoko ke kunzima ukulawulwa.

Ukongeza, injongo yasekuqaleni "yokusasazwa" kwe-cryptocurrency inokwenza ukuba ingathandi ukusebenzisana nommiselo.Emva kokuba uSekela-Nkulumbuso wase-Ukraine ethumele isicelo kwiveki ephelileyo, isithethi se-yuanan.com siphendule kumajelo eendaba ukuba ayizu “kumisa ngokuzimeleyo iiakhawunti zezigidi zabasebenzisi abamsulwa” kuba “iya kungqubana nezizathu zokubakho. ye-cryptocurrency”.

Ngokutsho kwengxelo yeNew York Times, “Emva kwesiganeko saseCrimea ngo-2014, iUnited States yavalela abantu baseMelika ukuba baqhube ishishini neebhanki zaseRashiya, abaphuhlisi beoyile negesi kunye nezinye iinkampani, nto leyo ethe yachaphazela uqoqosho lwaseRashiya ngokukhawuleza nangokukhulu.Iingcali zezoqoqosho ziqikelela ukuba izohlwayo eziwiswe ngamazwe asentshona ziza kuxabisa iRussia i-$50 yeebhiliyoni zeerandi ngonyaka.Ukususela ngoko, nangona kunjalo, imarike yehlabathi ye-cryptocurrencies kunye nezinye izinto zedijithali zinqabile.


Ixesha lokuposa: Mar-14-2022